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This article will give you  a Understanding for The Process Of Surrogacy Agreements In India. Surrogacy is a method where a woman carries and delivers a child for another person or couple. This process can be a beam of hope for many who cannot have children naturally. In India, surrogacy agreements are guided by specific laws to protect the rights of all involved. Let’s dive into understanding this process better.

What is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy involves a contract where a surrogate mother agrees to carry a pregnancy for intended parents who will become the child’s legal parents after birth. It’s a path filled with hope, emotions, and legalities, aiming to bring joy to those dreaming of parenthood.

Types of Surrogacy in India

  1. Traditional Surrogacy: The surrogate mother is also the biological mother of the child.
  2. Gestational Surrogacy: The surrogate carries a baby created through IVF, having no genetic ties to her.

Understanding The Process Of Surrogacy Agreements In India

India has specific laws governing surrogacy to ensure fairness and protect everyone’s rights.

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Act

This act outlines the do’s and don’ts of surrogacy in India, emphasizing ethical practices and the protection of surrogate mothers. It ensures that surrogacy is only for those genuinely in need, not as a business transaction.

Key Points of the Act

  • Surrogacy is allowed only for Indian citizens.
  • Commercial surrogacy is banned, promoting altruistic surrogacy instead.
  • Surrogacy is permissible for couples unable to bear children naturally.
  • The surrogate mother and the intending parents must sign a surrogacy agreement.

The Surrogacy Agreement Process

Finding a Surrogate

The process often starts with finding a suitable surrogate who agrees to carry the child. This step is crucial and is guided by trust and mutual understanding.

Legal Agreements

After choosing a surrogate, the next step is drafting a surrogacy agreement. This document outlines everyone’s rights, responsibilities, and expectations to prevent future disputes.

Contents of a Surrogacy Agreement

  1. Duration of the Agreement: Specifies the timeline of the surrogacy process.
  2. Financial Arrangements: Covers medical expenses, insurance, and any support for the surrogate.
  3. Legal Parentage: Ensures the child’s legal parents are the intended parents.
  4. Health and Welfare: Stipulates health care and lifestyle expectations for the surrogate during pregnancy.

Ethical Considerations

Ethics play a big role in surrogacy agreements. It’s essential to treat the surrogate mother with respect, ensuring her health and well-being are a priority.

Challenges and Solutions

Surrogacy in India comes with its set of challenges, such as legal complexities and societal perceptions. However, with a clear legal framework and ethical practices, these challenges can be navigated successfully.

Providing Support to Surrogate Mothers

Ensuring emotional, medical, and financial support for surrogate mothers is crucial. It highlights the human aspect of surrogacy, showing compassion and respect for their significant contribution.


Surrogacy agreements in India are a blend of hope, legalities, and ethical considerations. By understanding and respecting the process, intended parents and surrogate mothers can embark on this journey with clarity and confidence. The legal framework ensures that surrogacy is conducted with dignity, offering a path to parenthood for those who face challenges in conceiving naturally.

FAQ on Surrogacy Agreements in India

  1. What is surrogacy?
    Surrogacy is when a woman carries and delivers a baby for another person or couple, known as the intended parents.
  2. Are there different types of surrogacy in India?
    Yes, there are two main types: traditional surrogacy, where the surrogate is the biological mother, and gestational surrogacy, where the embryo is created via IVF and has no genetic ties to the surrogate.
  3. Is surrogacy legal in India?
    Surrogacy is legal in India, but it is regulated under the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act, which imposes certain restrictions and conditions.
  4. Can foreigners seek surrogacy services in India?
    No, the current laws prohibit foreigners from seeking surrogacy services in India.
  5. What is the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act?
    It’s a law that governs surrogacy in India, aiming to protect the rights of all parties involved and to ensure ethical practices.
  6. Who can opt for surrogacy in India?
    Indian couples who have been medically certified to be unable to conceive can opt for surrogacy.
  7. Is commercial surrogacy allowed in India?
    No, commercial surrogacy is banned. Only altruistic surrogacy, where the surrogate is not paid beyond medical expenses and insurance, is allowed.
  8. What is a surrogacy agreement?
    It’s a legal contract between the surrogate and the intended parents, outlining each party’s rights and responsibilities.
  9. What should a surrogacy agreement contain?
    It should cover duration, financial arrangements, legal parentage, and the health and welfare of the surrogate.
  10. How is the surrogate chosen?
    The surrogate can be chosen through a surrogacy agency or independently, based on mutual agreement and legal guidelines.
  11. Can the surrogate keep the baby?
    No, the surrogate cannot keep the baby as the legal parentage is transferred to the intended parents through the surrogacy agreement.
  12. Are there any psychological tests for surrogates?
    Yes, surrogates undergo psychological testing to ensure they are mentally prepared for the process.
  13. What are the rights of the surrogate mother?
    The surrogate has the right to receive medical care, insurance, and a supportive environment throughout the pregnancy.
  14. How are the intended parents’ rights protected?
    Their rights are protected through the surrogacy agreement, which legally recognizes them as the child’s parents after birth.
  15. What happens if the surrogacy agreement is breached?
    Breaching the agreement can lead to legal action, with remedies depending on the terms of the contract and Indian law.
  16. Can same-sex couples opt for surrogacy in India?
    Currently, the law only allows heterosexual couples to opt for surrogacy.
  17. What is the cost of surrogacy in India?
    Costs vary but include medical expenses, surrogate compensation, legal fees, and agency fees if applicable.
  18. Is insurance available for surrogacy?
    Yes, the law requires insurance coverage for the surrogate mother for a specified period covering post-delivery health issues.
  19. Can a single person opt for surrogacy?
    As of the latest regulations, only married couples are eligible for surrogacy in India.
  20. How long does the surrogacy process take?
    The process can take 1-2 years, including finding a surrogate, pregnancy, and legal processes.
  21. Do intended parents need to be physically present in India during the surrogacy process?
    While not required throughout the entire process, they need to be present for legal proceedings and the baby’s birth.
  22. How is the child’s citizenship determined?
    The child’s citizenship is determined by the intended parents’ citizenship.
  23. Can the intended parents choose the gender of the baby?
    No, gender selection is not allowed in India.
  24. What medical tests are surrogates subjected to?
    Surrogates undergo extensive medical screenings, including tests for infectious diseases and overall health assessments.
  25. How many times can a woman be a surrogate in India?
    A woman can act as a surrogate only once according to Indian law.
  26. What happens if the surrogate has twins or triplets?
    The surrogacy agreement should address this scenario, ensuring provisions for the surrogate’s health and compensation.
  27. Are there any age limits for surrogate mothers?
    Yes, surrogate mothers must be between the ages of 25 and 35.

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