[email protected]
Mon - Sat 09:00-20:00
Consult Now

In this article, I have explained How to get Bail in a Criminal Case? Getting Bail is necessary to get someone out of Jail.

After reading this article you will understand the bail system in criminal cases


In India, bail is a legal process that allows a person who has been arrested or detained by the police to be released from custody until their trial. The term bail is not defined anywhere in the Code of Criminal Procedure. In general, bail is defined as a process of releasing an accused for a sum, and it is also a promise that he will be attending the Court proceedings in the future. The purpose of bail is to ensure that the person appears in court when required and does not flee from justice. If you or someone you know has been arrested and is being held in custody, Here is the Bail application process in a criminal case

  1. Consult a lawyer: It is always a good idea to consult with a lawyer when you are facing criminal charges. A lawyer can help you understand your rights and the legal process, and can also help you navigate the process of getting bail.
  2. File a bail application: To get bail, you will need to file a bail application with the court. This application should be filed by your lawyer and should include information about the charges against you, the evidence against you, and any mitigating circumstances that might support your case for bail.
  3. Attend the bail hearing: After your bail application has been filed, the court will schedule a hearing to consider your request for bail. You will need to attend this hearing, along with your lawyer, to present your case.
  4. Provide sureties: In some cases, the court may require you to provide sureties (guarantors) as a condition of your bail. These are people who agree to be responsible for your appearance in court and may be required to provide collateral (such as property or money) to secure your bail.
  5. Pay bail: If your bail is granted, you may be required to pay a sum of money to the court as a condition of your release. This money will be returned to you when you appear in court as required.

Types of Bail:-

Bails are of different types as mentioned below:-

  1. Anticipatory Bail ( Pre-Arrest bail) (438 Cr.P.C)

This provision allows a person to seek bail in anticipation of an arrest on the accusation of having committed a non-bailable offense. The very basic purpose of the insertion of this provision was that no person should be confined in any way until and unless held guilty. It is recognized in the Indian legal System also. You can also get anticipatory bail in NDPS Act cases

  1. Interim Bail (for a specific time) ( 438,437, or 439 Cr.P.C)

Interim bail is for a specific time ( to do some urgent work or till finding something)

  1. Regular Bail. (437,439 Cr.P.C)

Normally it’s till the conclusion of the trial.

How to get Bail in a Criminal Case?

The Detailed procedure of How to get Bail in Criminal Case:

When a person is arrested, he is taken to the magistrate within 24 hours of arrest for “remand”. The police are required to submit remand papers in court. You/Your family must take the help of a criminal lawyer for your bail matter. As Criminal Defense lawyers play a great role to get you out of Jail. Once you agree with your Lawyer then he/she will prepare the documents required for bail.

The Procedure of Regular Bail and Anticipatory Bail is as mentioned below:-

Understanding Bail in Criminal Cases:

Bail is a legal mechanism that allows an accused individual to remain free pending trial. It’s crucial to understand that bail is not an exoneration but a temporary release, usually under specific conditions set by the court.

Regular Bail Procedure:-

  1. Filling regular Bail Applications in Criminal Cases

The procedure of Regular Bail begins with filling up of Bail Application. Bail can be Under 436,437 and 439 of The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973.

Bail application should be filled at the lower court/trial court first. You can easily get bail in cheque bounce case U/s 436 Cr.P.C you can read more at here

You can also get Regular Bail in NDPS Cases Read :- How to get bail in Afeem Cases

  1. Hearing of Bail Application in Criminal Case

Once the bail application is filled it will be put before the judge for a hearing. Then the concerned judge will issue a notice to the public prosecutor and after the notice, a date for arguments will be given.

  1. Arguments on Bail Application in Criminal Case

Once your bail application is admitted for hearing then arguments will be done on the merits of the case. Here the role of a lawyer will come the lawyer will try to convince the judge so that the concerned judge will allow your bail application. Once your bail application is allowed then you are just a few steps away to get out of Jail.

  1. Submission of Bail Bonds in Criminal Cases

Once your bail application arguments are done. You are required to submit a bail bond to the concerned magistrate.

  1. Release warrant issued

Once your bail bonds are submitted the court will issue a release warrant and you will be out of Jail.

Anticipatory Bail Procedure in Criminal Cases:-

  1. Filling of Anticipatory Bail Applications in Criminal Cases

The Court of Session and High court has the power to grant Anticipatory Bail to the person who is accused of an offense.

You can also get Anticipatory Bail in NDPS Cases Read :- How to get bail in Afeem Cases

  1. Hearing of Anticipatory Bail Application in Criminal Cases

Once the Anticipatory Bail application is filled it will be put before the judge for a hearing. Then the concerned judge will issue a notice to the public prosecutor and after the notice, a date for arguments will be given. Further, it is pertinent to mention that judge can also grant interim anticipatory bail initially.

  1. Arguments on Anticipatory Bail Application in Criminal Cases

Once your bail application is admitted for hearing then arguments will be done on the merits of the case. Here the role of a lawyer will come the lawyer will try to convince the judge so that the concerned judge will allow your bail application.

  1. Joining investigation

Once your Anticipatory bail application is allowed then you will be most probably required to join the investigation within 10-15 days and in event of your arrest police officer has to accept your bond as per the order of the court.

Setting Bail Conditions in Both Type of Bails:

Courts often impose conditions when granting bail, such as travel restrictions, regular check-ins with law enforcement, or prohibiting contact with witnesses.

Why do you need a lawyer for Bail in Criminal Cases?

A lawyer can be helpful when someone is seeking bail because they can provide legal representation and advice during the bail hearing. The lawyer can argue on behalf of the person seeking bail, presenting evidence and making a case for why the individual should be released on bail. They can also help the person understand the legal process and their rights, and advise them on how to best navigate the situation. In addition, a lawyer can negotiate with the prosecution on the person’s behalf and try to reach an agreement on bail conditions that are fair and reasonable.

Tips for a Successful Bail Application:

  • Gather Evidence: Provide documentation or evidence supporting your case.
  • Character References: Strong character references can positively influence the court’s decision.
  • Comply with All Legal Requirements: Ensure all documents are correctly filed and adhere to legal protocols.

Conclusion: Securing bail in a criminal case requires a clear understanding of legal processes and a strong defense strategy. It’s a critical step in maintaining your freedom and preparing for your trial. Always consult with legal professionals to ensure you’re taking the right steps towards securing bail.

FAQs on How to Get Bail in a Criminal Case

  1. What is bail in a criminal case?
    Bail is a legal provision allowing a person accused of a crime to be released from custody, typically under certain conditions, until their trial.
  2. How do I apply for bail?
    Apply for bail by filing a bail application in the relevant court, usually through a lawyer.
  3. What factors does a court consider for bail?
    Courts consider the nature of the offense, the defendant’s criminal history, the risk of flight, and the probability of appearing in court.
  4. Can I get bail for any criminal offense?
    Bail depends on the offense’s severity. Non-bailable offenses typically have stricter conditions for bail.
  5. What is anticipatory bail?
    Anticipatory bail is sought before an arrest is made, anticipating the possibility of arrest in a criminal case.
  6. Is a lawyer necessary for bail?
    While not mandatory, a lawyer can significantly help navigate the legal complexities of obtaining bail.
  7. What are bail conditions?
    Bail conditions are restrictions or requirements imposed by the court, like surrendering your passport or regular check-ins with law enforcement.
  8. How much does bail cost?
    Bail cost varies based on the offense’s severity, the defendant’s profile, and the jurisdiction.
  9. What is a bail bond?
    A bail bond is a financial guarantee made to the court ensuring the defendant’s appearance at all required legal proceedings.
  10. Can bail be denied? Yes, bail can be denied if there’s a high risk of flight, repeat offenses, or interference with evidence or witnesses.
  11. What happens if I violate bail conditions?
    Violating bail conditions can lead to immediate arrest and potential revocation of the bail.
  12. Can bail be revoked?
    Yes, bail can be revoked if the court finds violations of bail conditions or new evidence against the defendant.
  13. How long does it take to get bail?
    The time to get bail varies depending on the case’s complexity and the court’s schedule.
  14. Do I get my bail money back?
    Bail money is typically returned after the legal proceedings conclude, provided all court conditions are met.
  15. What is a surety in bail?
    A surety is someone who agrees to be responsible for the defendant and ensures their appearance in court.
  16. Can a non-family member be a surety?
    Yes, a friend or even an employer can act as a surety, depending on the court’s requirements.
  17. What happens if I can’t afford bail?
    If you can’t afford bail, you can apply for a bail reduction or seek a public defender’s assistance.
  18. Is bail available in all states?
    Yes, bail is a fundamental legal right available in all states, but the process and conditions may vary.
  19. Can bail be appealed?
    Yes, if bail is denied, you can appeal the decision in a higher court.
  20. What is interim bail?
    Interim bail is temporary bail granted for a short period, often while awaiting a detailed hearing.
  21. Can I travel while on bail?
    Travel while on bail depends on the conditions set by the court. Often, international travel is restricted.
  22. What’s the difference between bail and bond?
    Bail is the amount set by the court for release, while a bond is a surety provided by a bondsman for a fee.
  23. Who decides the bail amount?
    The bail amount is determined by the judge based on the crime’s nature, the defendant’s record, and other factors.
  24. Can bail conditions be changed?
    Yes, bail conditions can be modified by the court upon request.
  25. What is a bail hearing?
    A bail hearing is a court session where the judge determines the defendant’s eligibility for bail and its conditions.
  26. Can I apply for bail online?
    Some jurisdictions allow online bail applications, but it varies by location.
  27. What are the consequences of skipping bail?
    Skipping bail can lead to arrest warrants, loss of bail money, and additional charges.
  28. How do I find a bail bondsman?
    You can find a bail bondsman through online directories, legal referrals, or the local court system.
  29. Can police deny bail?
    Police can’t deny bail, but they can recommend against it based on the evidence.
  30. Is bail different for juveniles?
    Yes, juvenile bail procedures differ and often focus more on rehabilitation and parental supervision.


  1. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
  2. Hindustan Times
  3. How to get Bail

Related Posts

Leave a Reply